Collectively, tests of extrasensory perception (esp) using these kinds of stimuli are known as forced-choice because the target-guess is one of a limited range of possibilities which are known to [the participant] in advance (thalbourne, 2003, p 44.
Being under the influence of alcohol or drugs, meditating and being hypnotized are asc phenomena from among these, the most common phenomenon is sleep extra sensory perception rathus (2002) defined extrasensory perception (esp) (paranormal or parapsychology) as the perception of objects or events through means of other sensory organs. What we are dealing with is a question of fact’ (1940/2003, p29) parapsychology scientifically investigates the possibility of esp, and has collected a large body of evidence which some suggest support such a remarkable claim (bem & honorton, 1994 sherwood & roe, 2003. Extrasensory perception is the ability to acquire information shielded from the senses, and the book was of such a scope and of such promise as to revolutionize psychical research and to make its title literally a household phrase.
Parapsychology is the branch of psychology concerned with study of extrasensory perception and psychical experiences whereas psychology and psychoanalysis deal with the corporeal man parapsychology deals with the spiritual man.
In the 1930s, at duke university in north carolina, j b rhine and his wife louisa e rhine conducted investigation into extrasensory perception while louisa rhine concentrated on collecting accounts of spontaneous cases, j b rhine worked largely in the laboratory, carefully defining terms such as esp and psi and designing experiments to test them. Free publications – extrasensory perception extrasensory perception and quantum models of cognition – by patrizio e tressoldi, lance storm, and dean radin esp and the brain: current status – by edwin may, pub unknown relations between esp and memory in light of the first sight model of psi – by james c carpenter, journal of parapsychology. Essay on parapsychology and telepathy 2758 words sep 26th, 1999 12 pages telepathy or mind reading is the transmission of thoughts from one human to another human by means other than the bodies physical senses.
In their exchange, wagenmakers et al and bem et al emphasized bayesian model comparison, not bayesian parameter estimation, which are explained and contrasted by kruschke (2011) in this blog post i show a bayesian estimation approach to meta-analysis of esp data the data.