Rousseau's view on the state of nature and how man go from it into society.
Description and explanation of the major themes of jean-jacques rousseau (1712–1778) rousseau addresses freedom more than any other problem of political philosophy and aims to explain how man in the state of nature is blessed with an enviable total freedom people can never be as entirely free in modern society as they are in the. Diderot took a charitable view of the mess: i knew these two philosophers well rousseau criticized hobbes for asserting that since man in the state of nature according to rousseau, by joining together into civil society through the social contract and abandoning their claims of natural right,.
As he points out, “it will be understood how much less difference from man to man must be in the state of nature than in society, and how much natural inequality must increase in the human species through the inequality of social institutions” (rousseau 32.
Rousseau’s project in the discourse on inequality is to describe all the sorts of inequality that exist among human beings and to determine which sorts of inequality are “natural” and which “unnatural” (and therefore preventable) rousseau begins by discussing man in his state of nature poor into joining a political society that. Civil society transforms men from isolated beings with limited wants into the warlike creatures found in a hobbesian state of nature for rousseau, civil society is a state of war rousseau maintains that people did not have the right to rise above subsistence without everyone's consent.
Rousseau's theory on the state of nature shows in progressive stages how men, from behaving like animals, transform themselves into a society this society, according to rousseau, is not civil at all as it gives rise to more corruption and negative feelings in man's mind. State of nature, in political theory, the real or hypothetical condition of human beings before or without political association many social-contract theorists, such as thomas hobbes and john locke, relied on this notion to examine the limits and justification of political authority or even, as in the case of jean-jacques rousseau, the legitimacy of human society itself. Rousseau repeatedly claims that a single idea is at the centre of his world view, namely, that human beings are good by nature but are rendered corrupt by society unfortunately, despite the alleged centrality of this claim, it is difficult to give it a clear and plausible interpretation.
Rousseau’s view of human nature (before society changes it) is that we all have two natural (pre-social) sentiments or feelings (sensibilité) again, and most importantly, unlike the other enlightenment thinkers, rousseau does not attribute reasoning powers to us as ‘natural’ or pre-social.