The cheka and the okhrana so as aforementioned, these oppressive measures of terror were put into place by the tsar and lenin to preserve their own leadership and their politics, whether it be autocracy or revolution. The cheka was also used against the armed anarchist black army of nestor makhno in the ukraine after the black army had served its purpose in aiding the red army to stop the whites under denikin, the soviet communist government decided to eliminate the anarchist forces in may 1919, two cheka agents sent to assassinate makhno were caught and executed.
You might be interested in some previous threads comparing the cheka and the okhrana: was the ussr's method of keeping order (especially under stalin) similar to the old tsarist way - 4 comments, over 1 year old. Before that were the nkvd and ogpu, and before them came the bolsheviks' cheka however, before any of this was the secret police of the tsar himself: the okhrana origins and duties.
The okhrana even infiltrated the social democratic workers' party, the marxist organ in russia one of vladimir lenin's officers was actually an agent paid by the okhrana, who informed on marxist movements, rallies, and agendas. The okhrana, like the cheka, was an internal security and counterintelligence agency par excellence its foreign operations were essentially an extension of its domestic security mission.
I think you've confused the cheka (chk - чрезвыча́йная коми́ссия) with okhrana chk was founded in 1917 by the communists and was the direct precursor to the nkvd and eventually the kgb, while the okhrana was the imperial version of the secret police. The okhrana and the cheka: continuity and change a thesis presented to the faculty of the college of arts and sciences of ohio university in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree master of arts amanda m ward august 2014 © 2014 amanda m ward all rights reserved. The all-russian extraordinary commission, abbreviated as vchk and commonly known as cheka, was the first of a succession of soviet secret police organizations established on december 5 1917 by the sovnarkom, it came under the leadership of felix dzerzhinsky, a polish aristocrat-turned-communist by late 1918, hundreds of cheka committees had sprung up in various cities at the oblast, guberniya, raion, uyezd, and volost levels.
The cheka became a model for 20th century secret police agencies in totalitarian states, including the gestapo (nazi germany), the stasi (east germany) and the kgb (soviet russia) like most significant aspects of the new regime, the cheka began with a decree from lenin and sovnarkom , dated december 19th 1917. The bolsheviks promptly established their own cheka, but in no way as a continuation of the okhrana instead of safeguarding the secrets of the predecessor agency, the cheka of the soviets publicized and exploited them to serve their purposes.
Century, the okhrana – the tsarist secret police – developed into a highly effective political police force which was, by and large, quite successful in penetrating underground revolutionary organizations, including lenin’s bolshevik party. The cheka (sometimes called vecheka) was the much feared bolshevik secret police – though to most russians the cheka was no secret the cheka was formed in the wake of the october 1917 revolution, established as a small agency to investigate and deal with threats to the new regime.